The Bauchan is a mythical creature in Scottish folklore, particularly in the Lowland Scots tradition. The term “Bauchan” can have different interpretations, and its characteristics may vary across different accounts. The creature is often described as a mischievous and unpredictable supernatural being, sometimes appearing as a small, gnome-like disheveled creature with a hunched back. It may have a wrinkled or weather-beaten appearance, and its clothing is said to be tattered.

Illustration of a Bauchan,

Physical characteristics

Size: The Bauchan is often described as a small or diminutive creature. It may be shorter in stature than an average human.

Appearance: The creature is typically depicted as having a weathered and somewhat disheveled appearance. Its clothing is often described as tattered or worn.

Hunched Back: In some accounts, the Bauchan is said to have a hunched or stooped back.

Facial Features: While specific details may vary, the Bauchan is sometimes described as having wrinkled or weathered facial features.


The creature has its roots in Lowland Scots traditions and is part of the broader tapestry of supernatural beings found in Scottish folklore. However, precise details about the origin of the Bauchan and the evolution of its mythology can be challenging to trace.

Bauchan, a creature of the night

powers and abilities

Mischievousness: The Bauchan is known for its mischievous and prankster-like behavior. It may play tricks on humans, leading them astray in the wilderness or causing minor disruptions in daily life.

Dual Nature: The Bauchan is often depicted as having a dual nature. While it can be mischievous, it is also believed to have a helpful side, assisting with household chores or guiding lost travelers.

Shape-shifting (Possible): In some accounts, the Bauchan is said to have shape-shifting abilities, allowing it to change its appearance.

Tolerance for Offerings: Some traditions suggest that leaving offerings for the Bauchan, such as food or drink, may appease its mischievous tendencies and encourage its more helpful aspects.

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